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History

Academician Peter L. Kapitsa, Nobel Prize Winner, the eminent physicist of the 20th century, ph_1_3.jpgthe founder and developer of cryogenics and branch of cryogenic engineering in our country, played a decisive role in developing cryogenic engineering industry and creating our company. When the first leader of Glavkislorod, P.L. Kapitsa took an active part in realization of the USSR Government decree adopted in May of 1945, in accordance with which the scientific center VNIIKIMASH and Design Institute Giprokislorod were created and the construction of the Machine-Building Plant in Balashikha was started - the firstlings of cryogenic engineering industry of our country.

The completion of construction and putting the plant productive capacities into operation in 1949, that is rightly considered to be the foundation year of our company, then called NPO "Cryogenmash" incorporating the Machine-Building Plant and VNIICryogenmash into a scientific and industrial complex, at present – Public Joint Stock Company of Cryogenic Engineering (PJSC "Cryogenmash").

During 65 years of its history, CRYOGENMASH took part in a lot of large-scale programs and projects. The introduction of oxygen steel-making converter method and development of industrial chemistry, creation of large systems for filling rockets with cryogenic products at launch complexes of our country and abroad, mastery of superconductivity - all this motivated the powerful and great advance in development of cryogenic engineering in the second half of the 20th century, and became stage landmarks in the history of our company on the path of scientific-and-technological progress.

1945

Governmental regulation to found the design institute “Giprokislorod”, the research and development institute of oxygen engineering (VNIIKIMASH) and to build a specialized engineering plant in Balashikha. 

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1949-1950

Design and mastering manufacture of liquid air separation units with capacity of 1600 kg of liquid oxygen per hour. 

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1950-1953

Design and batch mastering manufacture of world’s first and largest low-pressure air separation unit with capacity of 12 500 m3 of oxygen per hour for metallurgy industry.    

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1960

Production of the world’s largest air separation unit with capacity of 35 000 m3 of oxygen per hour.

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1959-1961

Production of cryogenic fuel systems for the launch space-rocket complex for launching manned spaceships at Baikonur.

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1962

Commissioning of the new scientific and research cryogenic center in Balashikha.

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1964

Awarding Balashikha engineering plant named after the 40th October anniversary with Bulgarian Order of the “Red Banner of Labour”

1967-1968

Production of the second generation of cryogenic supercooled oxygen fuel systems for the launch complex at Baikonur.

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1971

Awarding Balashikha engineering plant named after the 40th October anniversary with the Order of Lenin

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1972

Foundation of the scientific production association of cryogenic engineering

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1973-1978

Design and large-batch production of oxygen plants with annual capacity of about 18 milliard m3 of oxygen for ferrous metallurgy.

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1978

Production of cryogenic supply system for the world’s first thermonuclear reactor with superconductive magnetic system of toroidal field.

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1980-1982

Production of the world’s largest air separation unit with the capacity of 70 000 m3 of oxygen per hour.

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1981-1986

Design, production and putting into operation of several dozens of space simulators and cryogenic vacuum chambers, including the world’s largest space simulator of 10 000 m3 capacity.

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1988

Completion of works on production of liquid cryoproducts production units and cryogenic fuel systems on deeply supercooled components for rocket-space complex “Energia”-“Buran”.

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1993

Converting the company into a joint-stock company, making the joint stock company of cryogenic engineering.

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1994-1996

Design of air separation units of a new generation.

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1996-1998

Production of cryogenic supply systems for the space-launching complex “SHAR” (India), systems for liquid oxygen fuelling and thermostat control for space-rocket launch of sea-based “Sea Launch" (the USA, Russia, Norway, Ukraine).

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1998-2004

Production of air separation units of a new generation and putting them into operation.

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1998

Supply of nuclear researches to the European Center for creating the hadron collider for large batches of high-performance liquid helium pipelines. 

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2003

Issuing of the 1st bonded loan.

2003-2005

Supply of the equipment for production, storage and transportation of liquid hydrogen with a capacity of up to 100 m3 for enterprises of China, India, Iran, Russia. 

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2004

Organizing an engineering center. Implementation of design system CATIA, PDM of system SmarTeam.

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2005

Commencement of technical upgrading program. Purchasing of JSC “Giprokislorod”. 

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2006-2008

Entering the commercial gases market. Signing of contracts "on-site". Putting the air separation units (ASU) of a new generation into operation. 

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2008

Cryogenmash becomes part of Gazprombank industrial assets group. 


2009

Startup of the 1st "on-site" project (“Severskiy pipe plant”, Polevskoy, Sverdlovskaya Oblast).

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2012

Realization of company development strategy for 2012-2020. Starting the project “New production” realization.

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2014

Building of a new multiproduct production complex of JSC “Cryogenmash”. In the frame of works on international project of thermonuclear reactor ITER, the preliminary design of the vacuum chamber.  

  
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